Looking Back: The Protestant Reformation after 500 Years
This course surveys the Reformation. Beginning with Europe at the end of the fifteenth century, we discuss why Martin Luther broke with the late-medieval Roman Catholic Church, and explore traditional and novel theologies and ecclesiastical practices. We touch on other actors and movements like the Swiss Reformation (Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin) and the English Anglican/Puritan reforms. In addition, we look at smaller nonconformist ways of thinking like the Anabaptists and their martyrdom at the hands of Protestants and Catholics alike. Finally, we see how Catholicism underwent similar reform in the sixteenth century. Here we examine major Catholic reformers like the Spaniards Ignatius of Loyola and Teresa of Avila, and the Italian Carlo Borromeo, and how the Council of Trent at midcentury set a template for a renewed Catholic Church.
Wunderli, Richard M. Peasant Fires: The Drummer of Niklashausen. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992. ISBN: 978-0253207517.
Oberman, Heiko A, and Eileen Walliser-Schwarzbart. Luther: Man between God and the Devil. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006. ISBN: 978-0300103137.
Calvin, Jean, and Hugh T. Kerr. Calvin's Institutes: A New Compend. Louisville, Ky: Westminster John Knox Press, 1989. ISBN 0664250807.
Marshall, Peter. Reformation in England: 1480-1642. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2011. ISBN: 978-0340706244.
Ignatius of Loyola, and Anthony Mottola. The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius. New York: Image Books, 1989. ISBN: 0385024363.
Susan C. Karant-Nunn is Regents' Professor of History and Director of UA's Division for Late Medieval and Reformation Studies. She has been a Guggenheim Fellow and president of the Sixteenth Century Studies Conference and the Society for Reformation Research. She was North American Coeditor of the Archive for Reformation History and has published about 70 articles and 10 books on the German Reformation. She has just completed a book on the personal Martin Luther.